What are Terpenes
Lately there is much hype about terpenes. But few really understand what they are and where they are found. Nature is full of terpenes.
Some natural terpenes are well known, for example Linalool is found in lavender. Linalool is widely known for the stress-relieving, anti-anxiety, and anti-depressant effects. Many relate these characteristics to the flower, but it is the terpene’s effect.
So where do these terpenes come from? Plants produce various types of metabolites. Terpenoids are a product of the chloroplast’s secondary metabolism. Terpenes and cannabinoids are produced within the trichome cells through biosynthesis. Terpenes act like the plant’s “hormones”. Plants also use these terpenes to protect them against fungus and bacteria. Terpenes also attract pollinating insects.
Terpenoids are biomolecules made up of multiple isoprenes (Hydrocarbons). These terpenoids can be linear, cyclical, or both. When a terpenoids is modified with a functional group it is referred to as terpenes. Terpenes are categorized by size. C5H8 Monoterpene (C5H8)2 Sesquiterpene (C5H8)3 Diterpene (C5H8)4 Sesterterpene (C5H8)5 Teterpenes, and so on.
Each terpene behaves differently based on the category and functional group. Many Have pharmacological And biological activities. These terpenes work on our endocannabinoid system In a process called the Entourage Effect.
Terpenes have been around as long as plants existed,subsequently, they have been exploited by humans. We have unknowingly used terpenes throughout history. There is even evidence that ancient Egyptians enjoying terpenes. Terpenes help to regulate cannabinoids within the endocannabinoid system.
Making use of terpenes has proven beneficial. Before fully Harnessing the power of terpenes the dots need to be connected in terms of pharmacology.
Having a better understanding of terpenes already improved our lives. As our understanding increases, there is no doubt these natural terpenes will assist more fields.