Tag Archives: Alkenes

Terpene Functional Groups and Applications

The large array of compounds can be grouped into a few classes of molecules. To learn more about these key groups of molecules and how most common types of extraction interact with them, check out the Latest Resources.

Terpenes are aromatic Phytochemicals, though many people commonly associate them with cannabis due to the abundance/high concentrations of them. These aromatic compounds create the scent and characteristics of many plants.They can have different degrees of unsaturation and a variety of functional groups.

Terpene Alcohols

Many important terpenoids contain hydroxyl groups forming terpene alcohols.

Terpineol Is found in three isomeric forms of C10H17OH, occurring naturally in the essential oils of certain plants and used as solvents in perfumes, soaps and medicine. This Monoterpene alcohol possesses antioxidant, anticancer, anticonvulsant, antiulcer, antihypertensive, anti-nociceptive qualities. It is also used to enhance Skin Penetration. There are many terpene alcohols suited for various applications, but terpineol is amongst the most common for industrial use.


Phenolics are a huge and diverse group of aromatic ring containing compounds, often containing hydroxyl groups. Phenol itself is the simplest member of the class, although it is not found in plants.

More complex phenyl propanoids include flavonoids. The pigments in red, blue or purple flowers are usually flavonoids called anthocyanins, made up of anthocyanidin with one or more sugar molecules attached. In addition anthocyanins have unique bioactivity and many health benefits.

Yellow and white color is attributed to other flavonoids.

Flavonols are the most prevalent plant flavonoids while flavones are present in relatively small quantities in select crop. In addition, flavonols, flavones, flavanones and Isoflavones have unique chemical structures with different chareterisitics. 


A major portion of certain volatile oils mainly comprise of aromatic terpene aldehydes. This functional group alters terpenoids interaction and solubility. 

Aldehydes and ketones are characterized by the presence of a carbonyl group (C=O). Their reactivity can generally be understood by recognizing that the carbonyl carbon contains a partial positive charge (δ+) and the carbonyl oxygen contains a partial negative charge (δ−).


Generally, any of the series of unsaturated hydrocarbons containing a double bond, including ethylene and propylene.

Ethene is produced naturally by all higher plants from the amino acid methionine.


The simplest acyclic alkynes with only one triple bond and no other functional groups.

One of the more interesting classes of new anti-cancer drugs is a group of naturally occurring enediynes which cleave DNA. Each has a ring tucked into a complex molecule which includes aromatic rings and sugars. These molecules are being produced synthetically by pharmacological companies with aim of improving medicine. 

Organic chemistry combined with Ethnobotanics has yielded healthcare advancements.

Studying cannabis’s unique compounds by application of the Entourage Effect can yield further breakthroughs. It is crucial to nurture infrastructure for research. It is paramount to allow researchers access to handle cannabis. Funding should not be restricted due to stigmation of cannabis. 

As more educational programs develop, growth incubators connect investors with researches aiming to succeed in industry. A warning to stakeholders, it is irresponsible to overlook Cannabis’s potential.

The linkage between basic science, knowledge and commercial benefits is undisputed. 

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