All posts by Terpene TLV

Homegrown Cannabis Safety

Safety

Cannabis safety is often cited as the primary reason why people avoid growing their own cannabis, but that’s frequently an illusion. Cannabis manufacturing companies claim GMP and lab analysis reduce contamination, but no empirical data is shown as to the efficiency of these practices.

Food-borne illnesses are almost as likely to be caused by comercial as by homegrown recreational or medical cannabis.

When growing cannabis Safety must be considered with every step of the process, from pre-planting to ingestion.

Surveys have shown that home gardeners don’t understand that soil, compost, manure, and water are potential sources of disease-causing bacteria that can contaminate crops. Instead, growers are most concerned about chemical contamination. 

Simple practices can be used to reduce pathogens and improve safety in the garden.

Consider: soil amendments, irrigation, wildlife restriction, cross contamination and storage.

Gardening Products 

Some chemicals that can damage both you and your plants. For example, nitric or phosphoric acid, lower the pH of water and a skin irritant. Using protective gear can minimize the chances of injury.

Always use approved fertilizers and pesticides; read the instructions prior to use.

Irrigation 

Constantly damp environment can cause root rot. Molds may grow and can damage the crop or grower’s health.

The best way to reduce the risk of water-related problems is to control the environment humidity, avoid overwatering and ensure runoff.

Habitat 

Unwanted wildlife can shed hairs and introduce the crop to unwanted pathogens. It is important to deter animals away from the crop to avoid contamination.

Storage

After the Curing Process keeping your cannabis in a cool, dark place under 60% RH.

Growing cannabis has the same safety concerns growing any other crop, additionally, the need to conceal the grow. 

Indoor

While indoor growing provides controlled conditions, it also has more risks when it comes to safety. Fires are a significant concern, improper wiring of the lights and fans can lead to a short circuit. Confined spaces make it difficult to handle fertilizers and pesticides. Mold buildup is more prominent. Simply legalizing homegrown cannabis makes it much safer for consumption. 

Legalization

Some cannabis companies fear full Legalization and Deregulation of cannabis as they are afraid of losing market-share, but in reality consumers are no more likely to grow cannabis as they are a tomato. 

Inspect 

Before consumption Smell the cannabis, if it’s appealing it passes the first stage. Visually check the cannabis product, do not consume any if you find evidence of mold. When smoking you should enjoy a fruity, spicy, pungent, natural flavor, if you taste any chemical-like substance do not risk contamination. Growing Cannabis at home allows the consumer to take charge of the production and ensure a steady supply.

Eucalyptol Properties

Cineol

This Monoterpene is a cyclic ether with a fresh, minty scent and a spicy yet cooling taste.

Uses 

Eucalyptol’s pleasant, spicy aroma and taste, is used in a variety of Products including; flavorings, fragrances, and cosmetics. Eucalyptus oil has natural antimicrobial and antiseptic properties used in household cleaning, natural pesticides and Mouthwash.

Source 

Eucalyptol is the dominant essential oil in eucalyptus trees. It is also commonly found in tea trees, basil, mugwort, rosemary, bay leaves, cannabis and Other Sources.

Metabolism 

Cineole, is used to increase blood circulation and relieve pain. It is fast acting, and able to cross the blood brain barrier faster than other cannabis terpenes. 

This positively charged terpene is able to cross the blood-brain barrier that separates the blood circulation from the cerebrospinal fluid. Its unique structure make it a potential drug delivery vehicle.

Antibacterial 

The antibacterial potential of cineole has been shown as an effective antibacterial agent; active against microorganisms in both planktonic and biofilm modes of growth. The terpene can be used as a natural remedy for infection associated with a wide range of microorganisms.

Anti-Fungal 

Cineole rich oil displays antifungals properties. Acting on a wide variety of common fungi. Further research has to be done to determine whether the activity is due to cineole or other terpene in the formulation.  

Anti-Inflammatory 

Cineole anti-inflammatory action has been used to treat various types of inflammation throughout the body including rhinosinusitis, pancreatitis, bowel disease, and Crohn’s disease. These diseases are characterized by inflammation of the digestive tract and ulcerative colitis. Eucalyptol has the potential to treat local and systemic inflammation.

Antioxidant 

Eucalyptol has demonstrated antioxidant properties and reduces the damage associated with cell oxidation and could potentially reduce aging by protecting against free radical damage.

Cancer

Recent studies demonstrated Induced cineole apoptosis, in two different types of leukemia. The studies demonstrate that eucalyptol has helped fight the growth of a type of cancer in humans. Researchers determined that treatment with eucalyptol is an effective strategy for treating colorectal cancer. Eucalyptol was not only anti-proliferative but also anti-cholesterol. Their results suggest that these effects work in unison to fight cancer. Linalool has also been shown to display these synergistic effects with cineole.

Alzheimer’s 

Alzheimer’s disease destroys memory through neuroinflammation. Studies have shown the anti-inflammatory effects of eucalyptol are strong enough to be a potential Alzheimer’s disease treatment.

Asthma

Inflammation induced asthma is common. Eucalyptol is known to be a very powerful treatment for asthma. Eucalyptol is a potential treatment for asthma and other lung inflammations. Researchers suggest multiple mechanisms as the source of eucalyptol’s anti-inflammatory properties and recommend cineole as a treatment for asthma. Therapy using cineole can lead to a noticeable improvement in lung function and health.

Tuberculosis

The effects of all the terpenes in Eucalyptus citriodora essential oil, and not just eucalyptol is considered to be weakly effective in alleviating the effects of tuberculosis. While this is not a cure, it may suggest that eucalyptus essential oil could be combined with other treatments for tuberculosis.

Insecticide

In addition to helping a wide range of health concerns, Eucalyptol has long been used as an insect repellent. eucalyptol is used to prevent potential health problems associated with pests.

Safety

While considered safe at natural concentrations, high concentration essential oil can be hazardous. 

Recommend inhalation and topical under 8.00% solution by volume.

May cause skin irritation.

The acute toxic potency of 1,8-cineole was relatively low (LD50 value = 3849 mg/kg).

It is recommended that all Safety Precautions be followed.

Chemical Properties 

Formula: C10H18O

Molar mass: 154.249 g/mol

Density: 922 kg/m³

Boiling point: 172 °C

Chemical Structure

Cineole Chemical Structure
Cineole Chemical Structure

Genetically Modified Cannabis

GMOs, or genetically modified organisms are a topic of contention and controversy in modern agriculture. For cannabis, the technology, ethics, and implications of Genetic Modification can have an impact on future production. Cannabis products show remarkable growth and acceptance into the mainstream. It is important to understand the impacts that GM crops may have on both the environment and on human health.

WHAT IS GMO?

Both traditional plant breeders and genetic engineers work with the aim of introducing desirable traits. Agriculturally, this typically means resistance to herbicides, pesticides and unsuitable conditions improving quality of crop. These are desirable traits that make harvests more robust and easier to grow.

While Traditional Breeding is done via fertilization, GMO are done using Biotechnological Techniques that physically move genes from one organism to another. GMO is not limited to naturally occurring traits within the species’ gene pool.

Traditional process allows for the unregulated exchange of genes; today’s labs are ready to more precisely manipulate strain genetics. The move towards precision and exacting control of genetic modification can allow companies to scale while producing consistent products.

The organism which receives a gene and the biological lab process of these modifications can be described as transgenic. Numurus transgenic techniques that have been developed over the years as modern biotechnology and scientific understanding of gene expression and gene mechanics.

It is important to know that some argue that the risks far outweigh the benefits in this equation.

Why Use GMO? 

Genetic engineering has advantages. The technique allows for traits to be introduced into a gene pool without complications and with complete technical control in sterile laboratory conditions. There are scientific capabilities to incorporate genes across unrelated species since all life share the same genetic building blocks and can be manipulated similarly at that subcellular level.

Are there Genetic Modifications for Cannabis?

Genetically modified organisms are hugely applicable across a number of disciplines with the same general targets: increasing crop yield, decreasing the cost of production, increasing pest resistance, decreasing maturation time, and increasing environmental tolerance to environmental stressors. Genetically modified cannabis can include new strains. Some research has been done on cannabinoid producing algae. 

Are Genetically Modified Organisms Safe?

Foreign genetic alterations can result in unintended consequences.

Altered organisms can present significant changes in its metabolism, growth rate, and response to environmental factors. Not only can genetic alteration affect the genetically modified organism itself, but also has far-reaching implications upon the habitat, from ingestion to surroundings . The risks associated with genetic manipulations are generally categorized in two main branches: human health and environment.

How do Genetic modifications affect Humans?

There are specific systems in place for evaluation of GM organisms and their effects. The tests focus on assessing toxicity, allergenicity and stability of the inserted gene, additionally, the nutritional effects of the gene modification upon the crop is evaluated. While not directly toxic to human health, the immediate and long-term consequences are of concern. Public exposure to new allergens found in the GM crop via potential transfer of antibiotic-resistance during digestion, inhalation or absorption should be considered amongst associated potential risks to human health.

What are the Effects on the Environment?

Releasing genetically modified organisms can directly affect Wild Populations by mixing with the wild types through a process known as outcrossing. Such outcrossing can affect the surrounding environment and species can potentially threaten the viability of the wild cohort and influence other natural populations within the ecosystem. 

superweeds and superbugs are evolved in response to the increase in herbicide-resistant crops. They are much more difficult to manage, and usually result in increased chemical pesticide.

Are GMOs Currently Used?

At present, the number of genetically modified organisms under development and in production is steadily rising. This is a result of the scientific community’s improved understanding of Gene Expression Systems and manipulations; including improved laboratory techniques, tools for sequencing whole genomes and processes for cloning or transferring genes.

There is no doubt that this list of successful scientific and technical progress is crucial to improving global health, science, medicine, and research overall, but as such technologies and techniques continue to become more sophisticated and more varied, the associated applications and effects must be considered.

Should Genetic Modification be used?

Once GMOs are released into the environment, their effects cannot be recalled. While we weigh the potential benefits of decreased agricultural prices and increased nutritional gains, it is paramount to compare these to the potential risks involved and determine which route the industry should pursue. Fellow cannabis cultivators, scientists and advocates, what is your determination?

Introduction to Terpene Science

1.1 What are Terpenes?

Terpenoids are biomolecules made up of multiple isoprenes (Hydrocarbons). These terpenoids can be linear, cyclical, or both. When a terpenoid is modified with a functional group it is referred to as a terpene. Terpenes are categorized by size. C5H8 Monoterpene (C5H8)2 Sesquiterpene (C5H8)3 Diterpene (C5H8)4 Sesterterpene (C5H8)5 Teterpenes, and so on.

Each terpene behaves differently based on the category and functional group. Many Have pharmacological and biological activities. These terpenes work on the endocannabinoid system In a process called the Entourage Effect.

1.2 Terpenes in Nature

Plants produce various types of metabolites. Terpenoids are a product of the chloroplast’s secondary metabolism. Terpenes and cannabinoids are produced within the trichome cells through biosynthesis. Terpenes act like the plant’s “hormones”. Plants also use these terpenes to protect them against fungus and bacteria. Terpenes also attract pollinating insects. 

1.3 Terpene Sources 

Plant Derived Terpenes go through a distillation process. There’s no perfect way to Extract Terpenes from organic sources. As with most things, it’s a cost-benefit analysis – how do you eliminate impurities like fats, chlorophyll, and other plant metabolites without damaging the precious compounds you’re trying to preserve? There’s also the issue of time – the longer the process takes, the less efficient it is for commercial use and the more chances there are for impurities to work their way into the finished product. There are a whole host of methods and technologies that are used in pursuit of that goal. In order to isolate one needs to find a suitable source and method.

1.4 The Scientific Method

Science is a process of knowing about the natural universe through observation and experiment. Scientists go through a rigorous process to determine new knowledge about our surroundings; this process is generally referred to as the scientific method. Science is broken down into various fields, of which Terpene Science is one. This science consists of multiple disciplines including Chemistry, Biology and Pharmacology and is both qualitative and quantitative.

1.5 Terpene Research

Terpenes can form long or branched chains or rings and have other attached atoms. There is essentially an unlimited number of possible organic molecules.

Functional Groups consist of other atoms, such as oxygen or nitrogen, and are included in an organic molecule. Functional groups are represented by R and R’  addition to hydrocarbon group for a complete molecular structure. The addition can change the physical and chemical properties dramatically.

To understand, control or modify chemical reactions of living organisms, we must understand life on the molecular level. While living things are extremely complicated the chemical reactions and Molecules are relatively simple.

1.6 Terpenes in Cannabis

THC and CBD are Cannabinoids, which bind to receptors in the human body, specifically the CB1 and CB2 receptors. These receptors control the Endocannabinoid System which is responsible for regulating mood, immune function and hormone secretion. Different terpenes change cannabonoids’s affinity to the cannabinoid receptors. It makes them bind at different levels and control their overall psychoactive effects. Some terpenes might promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others potentially promote focus and awareness. 

1.7 Terpene Profiling

New Quantitative Analytical Techniques are constantly developed directed towards cannabis research. Due to these techniques we are able to further biological understanding of cannabis. Mastering the main principles behind these techniques is crucial.

1.8 Biochemistry

There are four major classes of biochemical compounds – Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. We can not predict the role cannabis will serve in the future and how our intervention will impact future strains’ genetics, but there is still much research to be done.

1.9 Product Development

Cannabis contains over 500 distinct Compounds, which include cannabinoids, flavonoids, nitrogenous compounds, amino acids, hydrocarbons, enzymes, terpenes, and more. These compounds altogether contribute to the unique pharmacological and sensual function. It is important to keep products consistently providing desired effects to maximize Cannabis’s Potential.

Quantitative Cannabis Profiling Techniques

By understanding the theory behind analysis methods in the Cannabis Industry, we can talk about which are favored by cannabis labs and for what application.

Preferred Method

High pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC), usually paired with mass spectrometry (MS), is one of the most popular testing methods used to test for the potency and composition in a Cannabis strain or byproduct. 

In this process, cannabis products are mixed into a solvent solution and pass through an instrument filled with tubular tunnels. Matrices throughout these tubes separate the individual components by Polarity, Ionic Strength and Molecular Size.

High Pressure Liquid Chromatography

HPLC is a nondestructive method using liquid solvent to detect elemental composition. Heating is not necessary for HPLC. Heating cannabinoids cause a Decarboxylation Reaction whereby cannabinoid acids lose a -COOH group and transform biological function and potentially cause inaccurate readings. Cannabinoid Detection through HPLC will be more likely to give an accurate neutral-acidic cannabinoid profile than with gas chromatography (GC).

Mass Spectrometry 

MS is normally paired with chromatography methods as it is able to sort components by their mass-to-charge ratio and then give a readout as to the molecular composition. After the mixture is separated by how quickly it passes through the matrix, MS can detect the different components at each speed. More specifically, MS measures and separates components by their mass-to-charge ratio through processes involving ionization and being subjected to electric or magnetic fields. The results are then displayed as a spectra, which can be easily compared to known data to confirm your results. The mass spectrometer is also useful for the detection of pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides as well as residual industrial solvents.

Gas Chromatography 

In GC,  the sample is vaporized to the gas phase rather remaining in the liquid phase. This Method involves the use of heat and is better utilized to check for the presence of volatile terpenes or residual solvents. Flame Ionization Detection (FID) specifically generates ions through combustion of the sample material with a hydrogen flame. This generates differently charged ions based on the composition of  sample material and through quantifying these ions, various molecular compounds and their concentrations can be identified.

Using GC paired with (FID) and a headspace autosampler unit for uniform and efficient detection. It is possible to profile cannabis products and determine the Relative Potency effectively. 

It is important to note FID measures only organic species, while MS can measure inorganic and organic species. While both methods generate ions, MS can do so in solid, liquid, and gas phase samples using several ionization methods. 

Thin-layer Chromatography

TLC method, consists of stationary phase and mobile phase. Unlike previous methods this one does not rely on complicated instruments and utilizes basic chemical properties to provide an approximation of Cannabinoids. This method is visual, inexpensive and time consuming.  Extracted cannabinoids using solvent, apply them to the chromatography plate matrix, let the compounds separate, dye the plate, and see the resulting cannabinoid compounds. Using multiple results, develop a calibrated ruler.

Polymerase Chain Reaction

PCR amplifies a Specific Region of a DNA strand (Target) commonly used fluorescent dye binds double-stranded DNA molecules by intercalating between the DNA bases. It is used in quantitative PCR because the fluorescence can be measured at the end of each amplification cycle to determine, relatively or absolutely, how much DNA has been amplified. While PCR paired with a fluorescence is not ideal for mycotoxin detection it is increasingly popular due to recent automation of the process. 

New quantitative and analytical techniques are constantly developed directed towards cannabis research. Due to these techniques we are able to further biological understanding of cannabis. Understanding the main principles behind these techniques is crucial.

Creating Medicine from Cannabis

Cannabis’s unique medicinal properties and Active Compounds are widely documented. Cannabinoids interact within the Endocannabinoid System. THC has proven medical benefits in particular formulations. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved THC-based medications, dronabinol and nabilone, prescribed in pill form for nausea and appetite treatment, aiding cancer and AIDS patients.

In addition, several other cannabis -based medications have been approved or are undergoing clinical trials. Nabiximols, a mouth spray that is currently available for treating the spasticity and neuropathic pain that may accompany multiple sclerosis, combines THC with CBD.

The FDA also approved a CBD-based liquid medication called Epidiolex® for the treatment of severe childhood epilepsy, specifically, Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. The medication is being delivered with reliable dosage and reproducible route.

Cannabis posses nitrogenous compounds, amino acids, proteins, glycoproteins, enzymes, sugars and related compounds, hydrocarbons, alcohols, acids, esters, aldehydes, ketones, fatty acids, lactones, steroids, terpenes, non-cannabinoid phenols, flavonoids, vitamins and pigments already used in Botanical Medicine and are yet to be empirically proven and peer reviewed. While some of these compounds are found in other Botanical Sources, it is likely that there are unique combinations found only in cannabis.

As we study this remarkable plant further, more constituents are showing promise for new and revolutionary Drug Delivery systems and Antibacterial Activities

Clearly, more research is needed from the scientific community to produce appropriate, safe utilization of cannabis. However, the FDA does not recognize the use of medical applications of cannabis. There is no reason to regulate cannabis derived medicine any different than general recommendations on studying botanicals.

Convoluted regulation of cannabis makes funding for research lacking. Independent Cannabis research cannot be done by companies as they are hindered from scaling and acquiring credit. In addition, concerns over conflicts of interest as seen with traditional drug company-sponsored studies.

In order to unlock cannabis potential cannabis possession should be deregulated so academic institutions can dedicate lab time for cannabis research.

Digital Channels need to be more lenient to discussion and allow ideas to spread and be refined. Unjustified resistance to cannabis for medical and recreational use has to be discarded. It is time regulative, communication and banking systems reform their attitude towards cannabis. As a global community we have proved that we can work fast if necessary. If you are interested in sharing cannabis related ideas or identify potential collaborations feel free to contact us privately.

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Social Advertising of Cannabis

Social advertising is the process of creating clickable ads to reach target audiences via social media platforms. Companies use social advertising campaigns to build brand awareness and generate sales revenue.

It is clear that social media is a critical form of advertising for cannabis companies, however, the reality of running a social media account for a cannabis company is more like living in an alternate reality.

The amount of time and effort dedicated to producing worthy content for these networks is a gamble. Months and years of work can be wiped out with little transparency according to “Community Standards”. Many cannabis businesses find it worth the risk because of the scale of user interaction; so many people rely on social media for their news and information.

Even companies who are listed on the stock exchange had their accounts shut down by mainstream social networks and associated search engines. Many online stakeholders are complicit.  

The vast power technological giants gained under the radar allow them to influence business and politics, effectively providing swiping powers to veto any action they deem inappropriate. While the world largely operates on democratic values, the power obtained by social networks was gained by uniformed users seeking instant gratification provided by these private and publicly traded companies.

These companies act as a cartel to regulate the price of traffic and alter the topic of conversation.

While there are some cannabis large corporations, the majority of cannabis businesses are small to medium in scale. Here are some tips on how to stay relevant and maintain your online presence.   

Stay Diverse 

When you have many channels driving traffic you are less affected by one particular channel. Cannabis Policies vary from platform to platform, while non promote the content some are more forgiving than others.

Customized Uploads

Users on various platforms consume content differently and therefore react differently to content. What may be a success on one platform can have negative consequences and penalties on another. Choose specific content for each platform and hope your exposure is not affected. 

Added Value 

Create content with added value, educate, inform or spread positivity.  Always consider your customer’s perspective and allow it to shape your future posts. Never underestimate the value of free resources or convenience. 

Request Action 

Request positive interactions Like Shares and Signups. These actions will signal the platform that your content is a welcome addition to the network. While these actions indicate interest, the post does not belong to you and can be deleted by platform staff.

Reacting Correctly 

If any violation occurs delete the post and stay off the network for 7-10 days consecutively. Do Not be tempted by messages urging you to login. These platforms rely on constant uploading to provide an environment that lewres users to engage more. On a large scale the Cannabis Industry has the ability to directly and inadvertently affect profitability and user engagement. 

Email List

As a society we are just beginning to understand the value of data. Allowing the platforms to control your company’s data is giving away assets. Be prepared, Collect Data independently so you can communicate with your customers directly.  

Forget about ROI 

There are algorithms that determine the price for every media slot and monitor ad performance, outliers are brought to marketing teams who ensure the advertisement conforms to their standards “improving advertising relevance”. The best any advertiser in the cannabis field can hope for is increased brand awareness without additional penalties.

While the world is becoming dependent on online services, excluding cannabis companies from mainstream communication channels and credit lines is hindering growth and extending the cannabis prohibition into the 22nd century. 

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Dry Your Cannabis Crop: Curing Impacts Your Profitability

Cannabis companies have many challenges including Grow Techniques, Marketing Strategies, Product development, and Regulation Costs.

In order to scale a cannabis business the shelf-life and quality of the product is paramount. Producers must balance when preserving their product during times of lower supply:

Dry incrementally and lose yields to time, or dry quickly and lose yields to heat and attrition.

Drying Techniques 

There are several techniques with varying efficiency and quality. Drying quickly can burn off valuable Terpenes. In order to understand how to properly cure your cannabis flower lets understand how slow curing is achieved.

Natural Cure 

Cut down your plant, trim away extra fan leaves. You want to leave more in very dry areas. Cut off as much as you can in humid areas, to help speed up the drying process and prevent mold.

  • Dry (Under 30% Relative Humidity) – leave more leaves on your plant while trimming to help slow down the drying process. The more plant matter is left behind, the slower the buds dry. 
  • Average Humidity – perfect for hanging your cannabis upside down to dry
  • Humid (Over 60% Relative Humidity) –  separate buds from branches after trimming and place them on a drying rack or mesh to help them dry while avoiding mold.

Dry until outsides of buds feel dry to the touch, and smaller stems snap instead of bend prior to jaring. Remember to regularly inspect jared cannabis.

For perfect control over the drying process humidity and temperature control racks are available for purchase.

Heat Cure

Belt dryers primarily use hot airflow pulled from above via vacuum, creating localized air streams and wet spots. Tumbler and belt dryers are trendy but come with a few unfortunate set-backs. While some heat Decarboxylates Cannabinoids, high heat drying destroys volatiles, and consumes huge amounts of energy and space. 

One solution is a circular fluid bed-base. It is a relatively compact technology, and becoming a viable option for scaling. As a system, the fluid bed solution functions by intaking and shredding whole plants. The product is suspended over air-streams, increasing the surface area of product exposed to dry air, separating fibrous material, and packaging the extracted biomass into bulk bags. Blending Extracted Sprays are used to homogenize the flavor of smoking products prior to retail. Homogenization is important, unevenly dried hemp means extra degradation, moisture and microbes.

Freeze Cure 

Freeze the cannabis or industrial hemp to -35oC for over 10 hours to preserve the shape and integrity. The frozen product is placed under vacuum pressure in order to facilitate sublimation. Sublimation is a process during which a solid is turned into a gas, skipping the liquid stage in between. Controlled radiant heat is applied during this process, converting the frozen moisture in the product directly into vapor. The vapor is condensed back into a solid and collected in the ice bank. The ice in the ice bank is melted and drained from the ice bank in the form of a hydrosol liquid. Any terpenes lost in the sublimation process can be reclaimed from the hydrosol to be used in other processed terpene infused products.

Extraction

CO2 Extraction 

Supercritical CO2technology delivers unparalleled terpene and cannabinoid Extraction capabilities. To perform this extraction, cannabis must be ground and placed into an extraction vessel. CO2 gas at high temperature and pressure is produced. A pump then forces supercritical CO2 into the extraction vessel where it meets the plant and breaks the trichomes allowing it to dissolve part of the plant material.

Solvent Extraction 

Solvent extraction is a process in which compounds are separated based on their relative solubilities. This treatment method involves using solvents with the ability to dissolve desired substance. The process of solvent distillation purifies the substance. Methods for extraction may vary depending on your equipment solvent and extraction goal.

High pressure extraction

High pressure extraction systems achieve high yields quickly. This extraction relies on thermodynamic principles to extract oils without the use of solvents. Biomass under 1.26 kg / s conditions cause the trichome rupture and produce shatter, cannabutter or cannabis oil. The moisture within the flower helps decrease viscosity so the oils can flow better.  The majority of lost terpenes and trichomes are captured and returned on batch-by-batch bases. This method retains more terpenes, CBD & THC.

Dedicated To Results

Each of the methods forementioned have advantages for specific applications and cannabis derived products. Techniques used for bulk whole flower without destroying the contents or structure of the flower are constantly improved and are able to dry diverse product evenly. As product development advances new technologies are utilized in the cannabis industry. For cannabis genetic conosures and producers there several ways to preserve and consume cannabis.

Now that cannabis is being grown in volume, the need for large scale processing with controlled and efficient curing protocols is crucial. Significantly improve bulk processing in cannabis.

Basic Legalization Terms You Need to Know

Drug liberalization is the process of eliminating, reducing or updating cannabis laws. There are numerous models to consider. These varying cannabis models satisfy various stakeholders. In order to better understand the added value of any reform, the terminology must be clearly understood. 

Cannabis Normalization deals with moral implications of cannabis use. When is cannabis beneficial? Where should cannabis be obtained? What are the benefits of industrial hemp? How should cannabis be regulated? In which situations is it appropriate to consume cannabis? The process aims to rewrite prohibition laws to reflect Society’s Current Values

Rescheduling cannabis is a crucial step towards cannabis normalization. Currently cannabis is designated Schedule 1 and considered to have no therapeutic value despite ample Evidence of the contrary. This designation makes it difficult to conduct research or consume. Rescheduling would allow the government to recognizing cannabis, but wouldn’t legalize

Decriminalization refers to reducing or eliminating criminal prosecution. Many normative citizens with recreational or medical cannabis use might be fined, provided rehabilitation or added to surveillance lists.    

Regulating the Cannabis Market allows cannabis distribution to be controlled and taxed appropriately as any other business. Regulating the market allows access to the international banking system and scaling opportunities. 

While there is a need in regulation and Safety Protocols, over-regulating can be devastating. Limiting production, overtaxing and unreasonable requests/requirements promote anti-competitive behavior, low profit margins or overpricing. Incorrectly legalizing cannabis can stomp industry growth and research.

Deregulation of cannabis refers to removal of Regulations and Restrictions. Some are concerned that allowing home grown cannabis will wipe out the bigger cannabis companies. The reality is that the market is big enough to allow everyone to benefit.   

Allowing home grow for personal use fully liberates and legalizes cannabis.

It is up to the regulator to find a balance of regulation that ensures safety while allowing for a free competitive market with scaling capabilities. 

Several locations that completely deregulated and legalized cannabis have noted diminished adolescent use, boost in productivity and lower violent crimes.

Many are aiming to use the public’s naivety to secure special interests. It is up to citizens and corporations to act responsibly.