Old world industrious farmers maximized every part of the plant. Cannabis fabric ranged in quality from basic, homemade material to high-end status symbols.
Hemp fabric dates back to 800 BC and provided textile for the masses. Hemp rope had many uses including bandages, sandals, clothing, bed sheets and horse bridlings.
Hemp fabric did it all.
While America is no longer dependent on hemp and has gradually decreased production, analysts predict a rapid return of demand.
Compared to cotton, Hemp requires minimal amounts of water and less time and space to produce equal quantities of fabric. This self-sustaining crop is a more environmentally-friendly option for clothing, paper and
Industrial technology has improved vastly over decades. Currently this forgotten knowledge is being recovered and improved.
Practical uses for new organic materials are being deployed to achieve eco-friendliness and cost-efficiency.
Sustainable production is being incorporated for numerous modern applications.
Actively pursuing commercial hemp programs and education is essential to reduce plastic use.
It is important to understand the basics of hemp fabric production.
- Cultivation: Densely planted seeds produce taller, slender stems that contain more fine fibers.
- Harvesting: Sinsemilla (without seeds) technique is used to avoid coarse fibers during seed formation.
- Retting: breaks down the pectin using naturally occurring bacteria, fungi, or chemicals to release hemp fibers. Common techniques include:
- Water Retting: Involves soaking the stems in warm water for around 10 days..
- Dew Retting: Entails piling biomass on the ground for three to six weeks, occasionally turning the plants to allow for even retting.
- Breaking: Breaks the stems by passing them through a breaker or fluted rolls.
- Scutching: Beat the broken stems, separating the desired fibers from hemp’s woody core.
- Hackling: Comb/filter the fibers to remove any remaining woody particles and further align the fibers into a continuous sliver.
- Roving: Twist and draw to improve strength prior to being rolled onto spinning bobbins.
- Spinning: Dry spinning produces coarser yarns while wet spinning leads to finer yarns. The process can be done manually or mechanically.
- The final stage is winding, which in spinning terms means packaging.
New innovations processes and technologies have made hemp versatile, affordable and profitable.
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