Feminized Seeds – All About Cannabis Seeds

Feminized seeds are seeds which have been created by breeding two Female Plants. It is a basic Ethnoecology

To create feminized seed a female pollen drop must be achieved. The pollen is collected and dusted onto other female plants. This pollination will always result in feminized seeds, as the female plant will not pass on a Y chromosome. Although there are mostly female seeds, some express male traits. If not caught early one plant can pollinate many other female cannabis plants.⁠

⁠When you pollinate the same Phenotype of a strain that you collected the pollen from that is referred to as backcrossing, sometimes denoted as a S1. Cross pollination of different strains is referred to as a F1 Reversal and denoted as F1R.⁠

⁠Inducing stress results in increased gibberelin hormone production inducing pollen drop. Breeding using colloidal silver to cause stress will pass on bad traits. A properly done reversal using gibberellic acid will not pass on bad traits such as hermaphroditism, rather, Enhance clone traits.⁠

⁠The goal is to increase gibberelin production while decreasing ethylene production. This will create the Right Conditions for the female plants to drop pollen without stress or passing on undesirable traits. A specialized solution is diluted with water and sprayed onto the plants, that process is repeated until pollen sacks develop. A reversal is never permanent. Changing the sex of the plant is only temporary and does not alter the DNA. Once you stop spraying you have roughly 6 weeks until the plant reverts back to female.⁠

While feminized seeds are cost effective, they guarantee near 100% female crops allowing for no male specimens to discard. Feminized seeds are not the appropriate choice if your aim is to produce seeds and Alter Genetic Strains.

Cannabis Genetics can get very convoluted on a macro scale but creating feminized seeds is relatively easy.

Forms and Delivery Methods of Cannabis Isolates

Cannabinoid Isolates

Highly pure isolated cannabinoid. There are no other Cannabinoids, Terpenes and Flavonoids. Pure cannabinoid is highly concentrated and needs to be diluted prior to use. Cannabis is the only plant that produces cannabinoids safe for human consumption.

THC Isolate 

Delta-9

The most common cannabinoid referred to when talking about cannabis. THC interacts within the endocannabinoid system to alter physiology. THC Delta 9 will not crystallize but can be used in a chemical reaction to form crystalline product for various purposes. 

Delta -8

Delta-8 THC is a variation of delta-9 THC with some notable differences. While the two share many similar properties, such as reportedly stimulating appetite, reducing nausea, and soothing pain, delta-8-THC tends to exhibit a lower psychotropic potency. This cannabinoid is Extracted from Industrial Hemp Oil.

Methods of consumption include inhalation via combustion or vape,edibles, oils and topicals.

CBD Isolate

CBD isolate can be oil or crystalline form that contains 99% pure CBD and can be delivered using several methods for specific applications.

Sublingual

is absorbed by the mucous membranes and delivered directly to the bloodstream, bypassing the digestive system and liver to provide more immediate and effective relief. 

Topical Oil 

Used in various cosmetic, skincare and pain relieving creams for direct application to the area of treatment via Transdermal Absorption

For topical companies, it is fairly simple to incorporate CBD isolate to product lines, today many have the option to topically apply CBD to the area of treatment.

Inhalation

CBD isolate can be mixed with terpenes to create Enhanced CBD concentrates that can be vaped or dabbed. The isolate can also be made into crystal slabs that can be dabbed on a traditional oil rig. 

Ingestion

CBD isolates can mix with a variety of ingredients to create CBD-infused food and beverages.

CBD is not absorbed very well by the gastrointestinal tract, it has a low oral bioavailability. In order to increase bioavailability, CBD isolate can be dissolved in oil, increasing its chances of permeating the gastrointestinal system and reaching the bloodstream. 

Crystalline CBD can be measured and put into capsules or pills, allowing accurate ingestion and dosing. The final effect would be determined by the liver function. 

Terpene Isolates

These are highly concentrated terpenes Sourced from cannabis or other botanical. These terpenes have a wide range of industrial and medical benefits. Pure Isolates are very concentrated and are hazardous, however they have many benefits when at correct concentrations. 

Terpene Formulations

Terpene isolates precisely mixed at safe concentrations specifically for sensory and pharmacological effect. Some formulations mimic natural cannabis concentrations while others formulated for mental or physical effects. These formulations enhance and balance cannabinoids for individuals. Manufacturers use terpenes to create the flavors and scents of many everyday Products.

Full-spectrum Cannabis Extracts

Cannabinoids and terpenes work synergistically together to produce the desired effects on the endocannabinoid system. There is much R&D associated with producing full spectrum products. It is very important to choose the correct ingredients. 

Cannabis Concentrates 

Cannabis concentrates are products made by separating resin from the flowers in order to extract the maximum amount of cannabinoids and terpenes. Examples include: ShatterWax/Budder, CO2 Oil, Rosin, Kief, Crumble, Live Resin and hash

Cannabis concentrates stick to the natural concentrations of Active Cannabis Compounds.

Cannabis is diverse due to genetics and worldwide regulations, some want to homogenize the experience while others enjoy the diversity. No matter what your opinion is, Legalizion and Deregulation of this harmless plant is overdue. With deregulation much more research can be done which can impact many industries. 

A Review of Cannabis Diving Guidelines

It is well known that many divers are using cannabis between dives. Today’s guidelines are out of date. Currently, there is no distinction between alcohol and cannabis despite working on different mechanisms.

Diving is done using the buddy system,operating together as a single unit to monitor and help each other. In order to protect your partner, it is paramount to ensure your own safety while diving.

It is thought that the psychoactive effects of cannabis being the main acute safety concern during diving. There are also potential benefits to cannabinoid use around dives.

While being a potent bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory agent, CDB is not intoxicating. There is little research about what other physiological effects CBD would have on a diver’s body at pressure. This raises the question regarding effects of non-intoxicating cannabinoids prior to a dive.

Nitrogen Narcosis

Nitrogen narcosis can occur diving at deep depths. Certain gasses at high pressure cause an altered diver’s consciousness leading to poor judgment, panic, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, hallucinations or feelings of elation and euphoria. Narcosis increases the risk of dive errors; forgetting to check air supply, depth or neglecting dive buddy.

Breathing compressed air greater than atmospheric pressure increases the partial pressures of atmospheric gases, in the blood. Excess Nitrogen dissolved in the lipid bilayer of cell membranes causes narcosis. The effect of narcosis on the body takes place in the central nervous system.

Cannabinoids have been shown to protect nerve cells against damage by mediated cannabinoid receptor interaction. Cannabis users have higher cerebral blood flow and extract more oxygen from brain blood flow. Research is yet to understand how this mechanism works at depth and how it may affect nitrogen narcosis. 

Central Nervous System 

The central nervous system controls general homeostasis and metabolic functions. Endocannabinoid receptors located in the central nervous system finetune appetite, mood, respiration, brain function and reproduction. 

There are over 150 Cannabinoids and countless Terpenes in cannabis . Each compound interacts with the cannabinoid receptors within the Endocannabinoid System

Cannabinoids impact the lungs via CB1 and CB2 receptors located in respiratory tissue.

In addition to dose-dependent blood pressure, pulse and respiratory rate reduction; cannabinoid stimulation can increase cerebral blood flow during an induced ischemia and act as a neuroprotective at atmospheric pressure. 

CO2 Tolerance

Normal breathing involves an exchange between oxygen into the lungs and carbon dioxide out. Hyperventilation causes an imbalance in the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Low CO2 levels causes narrowing of the blood vessels to the brain responsible for the symptoms of hyperventilation. A higher CO2 tolerance will equate to a more regulated breathing pattern, conversely, A low CO2 set point will stimulate you to over breath while diving.

CO2 in the blood plays an important role in buffering hydrogen ions and lactic acid production. 

Altering CO2 sensitivity during specific tasks can increase performance and reduce lactic acid production.

Muscle Relaxant 

Cannabis derived products are effective at treating chronic pain and calming muscle spasms .Cannabis is an anti-inflammatory and analgesic (pain-reliever) with various terpenes that interact with the endocannabinoid system to influence how pain is interpreted. Post diving consumption can alleviate fatigue.

Anti-anxiety

The relationship between cannabis and anxiety is complicated and mostly dose dependent, at lower doses, cannabis seems to reduce anxiety; at higher doses, it seems to worsen it. 

Terpenes interact with cannabinoids and alter their function. Linalool commonly found in lavender enhances relaxation properties of cannabis.

Cannabis can reduce anxiety allowing for slower more conserved oxigen. 

Performance Enhancing

Cannabis has been scientifically proven to be performance enhancing during freediving. The physco-tropic effects alter the bronchial sacs in the lungs allowing for a slower absorption of oxygen into the blood. This effect is also enhanced due to the pressures of diving. However, the effect diminishes proportionally with the amount of cannabis consumption.

Cannabinoid Consumption 

THC is a bronchoconstrictor CBD is a bronchodilator. Cannabis is composed of many Compounds which may be helpful to divers.

While inhaling burning material into your lungs is generally bad for you, cannabis can be ingested by other means. Individual abilities to function under the influence of mood altering agents vary widely.

The diving community is quick to dismiss cannabis. due to its reputation without fully understanding the pharmacology of these compounds under pressure.