A New Method to Enhance Smoking Materials

Blending

Blending sprays are used to homogenize the flavor of smoking products in the tobacco industry. 

A new application of this technology is capable of changing the main ingredients of smoking material.

Companies can provide the ultimate composition of the smoking material, achieving various desired goals. 

Background

The secret to a great tasting smoking experience is consistency. Companies use blending to smooth out and remove product harshness to deliver a mellow flavored experience.

Now Cannabis Companies are adapting these techniques to provide a more consistent product and stubble onto breakthroughs.

Flavoring 

Many consumers enjoy the effects and flavors Terpenes provide, but have no access to cannabis. Botanically derived terpenes formulated to cannabis strain concentrations is a technological breakthrough as they can be shipped internationally.

More customers can enjoy their preferred flavors internationally.

Method

Flavoring Hemp, Cannabis or other smokable leaves is simple provided you use safe food grade flavoring, water and propylene Glycol/Cryo Butane. 

Once mixed in correct concentration/temperature and sprayed onto the dry leaf, the propylene Glycol/Cryo Butane traps the flavor into the leafs and evaporates, leaving the terpene flavoring intact.

Complementary chemicals can be added allowing for more control over the final product.

Consistency 

Production

Keeping your product the same from harvest to harvest can be a bit exasperating , not to mention trying to keep up with product shelf-life, etc.

On an industrial scale keeping cannabis fresh and mold free is critical. Infusing a dedicated terpene formulation can extend the shelf-life.

Each curing formulation is precise and unchanged from season to season, reducing inconsistencies in the final product post curing.

Blending can improve many smokable products and provide consistency to cannabis companies that want to scale.

Post Production

Premixed terpene infusion products allow the consumer to infuse terpenes into their favorite smoke product.

DIY infusion kits allow cannabis strain terpene flavors to be sprayed on Damiana, Mullein, Hemp, Tobacco or Marshmallow leaves. Cannabis that has been sitting and degrading can be revitalized with fresh terpenes and cannabinoids.

Using these sprays cannabis compounds can be applied to hookahs, pipes and blunts.

Application

Hemp (not psychoactive cannabis) is legal in many places. Unfortunately, hemp is grown for industrial purposes, taste is not a consideration. Infusing hemp with terpenes can balance and refine the smoking experience. The result is a nicotine free smoking product with all the favored tastes of cannabis without THC. Adding distillate to the terps and spraying on CBD biomass makes decent THC cannabis.

Infusing terpenes has implications on the entire industry from the consumer level to international corporations. As terpene infusion gains popularity, it paves the way to better and more efficient products.

Cannabinoid Toothpaste

An effective toothpaste requires Antibacterial  Analgesic and Whitening  properties combined with a flavorful brushing experience The use of terpene menthol in toothpaste is not uncommon. Using other compounds found in cannabis can improve current oral hygiene products.

Mint Terpene 

A mixture of Terpenes; the basic constituents of these formulations are L-Limonene, Alpha Pinene, Beta Pinene, Cineol and Octanol. It is a colourless, clear and transparent free flowing liquid and have Terpinic, characteristics and odour.

Cannabis Compounds

Other Compounds found in cannabis that can further improve toothpastes.

Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids have the potential to be used as an effective antibacterial agent against dental plaque-associated bacteria. Cannabinoids provide a safer alternative than synthetic antibiotics and reduce bacterial drug resistance.

We now know that cannabis possesses multiple antibacterial qualities. THC, CBD, CBC, and CBG have all exhibited an ability to fight various infections.

Cannabinoids CBD, CBC, CBN, CBG and CBGA  are better at wiping out colonies of bacteria and are considered a new class of antibacterial treatment.

CBG targets the cell membrane of gram positive bacteria and by itself is not effective against gram negative bacteria, which has an additional outer membrane, however a CBG  combination pokes holes in the outer membrane and allows CBG to reach the inner membrane to kill gram-negative bacteria. 

Streptococcus Mutant is gram positive and is the most dominant in creating cavities. Destroying it can prevent tooth decay, this can be achieved safely with canabinoids.

Effects 

Antibacterial Properties

Although commercially available oral care products are considerably effective in maintaining the oral hygiene of the average population. Cannabis-infused mixtures halt the growth of bacteria better than the store-bought brands.

Anti-sensitivity Properties

Analgesic toothpastes currently use a local anesthetic called Benzocaine. Cannabis works on the Endocannabinoid System to naturally reduce pain. Oral administration is shown effective.

Cannabis based toothpaste utilize the pain reduction mechanisms of cannabis to prevent sensitivity.

Whitening toothpaste Properties

4% d-Limonene combined with Perlite whitening formulation significantly reduced stain scores both for smoking stain removal and inhibition.

Existing whitening formulations used peroxidase which is harmful to the dentine tooth cover. In addition, Peroxidase causes oxidative stress. Cannabis alternative toothpastes may therefore be less harmful. 

Flavor 

Terpenes have unique flavors and scents utilized in many products. Terpenes are active orally and can provide an enhanced brushing experience in various ways.

Mainstream Cannabis Toothpaste

Thoughtfully sourced innovative ingredients are waiting to be utilized by the broader audience.

In order to effectively prevent buildup of dental plaque, cannabinoids like CBD, CBC, CBN and CBG need to be further analyzed so they can be effectively used and targeted.

Concentrations are very important for product efficiency.  There is currently research aiming to determine the ultimate cannabis toothpaste formulation specific to individual use.

Active Compounds of Cannabis

Cannabis contains over 500 distinct compounds, which include cannabinoids, flavonoids, nitrogenous compounds, amino acids, hydrocarbons, enzymes, terpenes, and more. 

These compounds altogether contribute to the unique pharmacological function.

Terpenes

Responsible for the aroma of cannabis and other flowering plants. Studies have shown terpenoids to have diverse physiologic effects, and Terpenes may be contributing to the observed effects of cannabis. 

Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are fatty compounds unique to cannabis, they are the main biological active constituents of cannabis. The most well known cannabinoid is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Cannabinoids exert their effect on the body by binding to receptors, specifically cannabinoid receptors types 1 and 2. These receptors, together with endogenous cannabinoids and the systems for synthesis, transport, and degradation, are called the Endocannabinoid System.

Nitrogenous Compounds

Display enormous structural diversity, they also have varying degrees of substitution and oxidation. The most noteworthy of these naturally occurring molecules are proteins, and most vitamins and hormones. Notably, an important nitrogenous compound is NO. NO is responsible for vasodilation, healing atherosclerotic arteries and preventing new development of arterial plaque.

Amino Acids

All with the exception of asparagine cysteine glutamine hydroxyproline and hydroxylysine are represented in various cannabis strains. 

Proteins and Enzymes

Proteins: edestin and zeatin

Enzymes: zeatin nucleoside, edeatinase glucoside, polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase and adenosine-5-phsphatase

Sugar Hydrocarbons

monosaccharide, disaccharide, polysaccharide, cyclitol and aminosugars are present and allowing for chemical reactions to take place.

Alcohols, Aldehydes, Ketones and Acids

There are seven simple aliphatic alcohols ranging from C1 to C16

12 aldehydes C2-C13

13 ketones C3-C18

12 simple acids, Aliphatic and aromatic

Fatty Acids

Polyunsaturated fatty acid

Most abundant linoleic,oleic stearic palmitic acids

Esters and Lactones

Typically found twelve esters and one lactone (2-C) in cannabis.

Due to lactone’s low molecular weight it is associated with palmitic and linoleic acids.

Steroids

Eleven phytosterols were identified in cannabis belonging to sitosterol campesterol and ergosterol types. Phytosterols are steroid-like plant compound and have an hormonal effect on the body.

Noncannabinoid Nonflavonoid phenol 

Phenolic compounds have been shown to have antioxidant properties, while the flavonoids in cannabis, in particular, are anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and may help prevent and treat cancer. Phenolic compounds also determine plant quality, including flavor and colour. The type of cannabis strain and the ratio of phenolic compounds, cannabinoids, and terpenes contribute to the potency and effects of the plant when consumed.

Flavonoids

Flavonoids are not unique to cannabis. Researchers have identified thousands of them all throughout nature, however, there are some that are found only in cannabis. These are known as cannaflavins. Similar to terpenes, flavonoids play an important role in both plant survival and serve many therapeutic effects.

Vitamins and Pigment

Vitamin k carotene and xanthophylls are reported in cannabis.

Interestingly, more than 2000 compounds are produced by pyrolysis during smoking of cannabis

 The Whole Process

Smoking raw THC distillate by itself is a limited experience. It won’t help become creative or inspired.

Aside from the aforementioned benefits, adding terpenes can reduce the viscosity of distillate or cannabis oil.

Typically, companies will use about 3%-10% terpenes in their oil or distillate mixture, so the terpenes also can help stretch out and make your product go further.

As a product manufacturer, adding terpenes to your product saves you money and enhances your product.

Cannabis Product Development

Terpenes are an integral part of cannabis and act on the body to produce many favorable effects. They help regulate the Endocannabinoid System and are used in an array of products. Utilizing terpenes in products requires several considerations.

Audience

Consumers who want more flavor, aroma and plant-based effects are looking for vape cartridges and infused products with terpenes added back in.

Typical Cannabis Extraction processes are geared toward separating out common Cannabinoids like THC and CBD from raw plant material.

As the more discerning cannabis consumer knows, something is missing when you vape or eat marijuana that lacks terpenes. For craft beer geeks, it would be like quaffing an India Pale Ale without hops.

Vape or edibles companies aiming to capture that consumer looking for the whole-plant experience should seek out firms that extract cannabis terpenes. A more limited, but less expensive, option is a botanically derived version.

Product

What is the product aiming to do? How will Terpenes improve your product?

Terpene research specific to application and delivery method is essential.

Terpene source (cannabis versus botanical) will affect the product delivery. Botanical terpenes will allow for a wider market as it can be shipped worldwide.

Cost

Botanical terps are much cheaper to process and formulate, but they are limited in what they can achieve.

Most terpene formulations offer about 30-50 different botanically derived terpenes. By using scientific methods such as gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, formulators can isolate the strain-specific cannabis terpenes and produce similar formulations from botanical sources.

Extraction companies can source Myrcene and other terpenes from common plants or trees to build that flavor and aroma profile.

Physiologically, a terpene from cannabis or from clove oil, work similarly.

Botanical Terpenes

Why not just extract the terpenes straight from the cannabis plant?

It’s possible, and it’s arguably better to do it that way, but it’s far more expensive.

Comparing terpene profiles from botanicals to cannabis extracted. The complexity of cannabis extracted derived terpenes is greater than Botanically Derived Terpenes, however, the cost and scalability prohibitive.

Consistency 

Consistency is really important, customers get the same experience every time they use your product.

it’s difficult to create an exact, reliable terpene profile from cannabis. 

In order to gain customer loyalty consistency is essential.

Effect

Some people think of terpenes as simply flavoring or added aroma, but they also create a reproducible effect.

Terpenes produce calming, anti-inflammatory or pain management effects.

It is possible to re-create a product (vape pen) that gives your customer a specific, positive effect, every time.

Researchers are not able to identify everything that’s in the cannabis flower, but can identify what’s beneficial to somebody based on trial and error. Identifying and sourcing compounds is the first step in formulating profiles.

Terpenes Build Brands

Terpenes are not just a scent, they provide balance and build an experience for many types of products.

Proper research should be done during product development.

It is important to keep products consistently providing desired effects.

Cannabis companies can use terpenes to produce a specific, effects-based brand.

Botanical terpenes are cost efficient, consistent and scalable.

Cannabis Nomenclature

Different cannabis types and their derived consumer products are commonly referred to as ‘strain’ names. These names often relate to fragrance attributes conferred, at least in part, by terpenes.

Terpenes are strongly inherited and little influenced by environmental factors. Kush strains are predisposed to having high Myrcene concentrations. Terpene profiles have been widely used as biochemical marker in chemosystematic studies to characterize plant species,however, plants exhibit dynamic biochemical changes when attacked by diseases, herbivores or abiotic stresses.

Cannabis has a complex terpene profile, which is theorized to increase its therapeutic effects. Terpene profiling is used for both product quality testing and Strain Identification. These complex and sometimes problematic compounds are challenging to analyze, but experts have developed qualitative GC methodology for terpene profiling that fits easily into required laboratory workflows. To keep things simple, the GC terpene profile analysis.

Synergistic Effect appears to stem from the perception among cannabis users that different ‘strains’ have different physiological effects. There is no doubt that the large chemical space of thousands of plant terpenes and terpenoids includes many biologically active molecules. 

Various effects that are attributed to cannabis terpenes in humans require more research. While some of the effects of the Cannabinoids have been scientifically explained, there is a great deal of uncertainty about the effects of cannabis terpenes and metabolic pathways in humans.

Until recently, regulations have hindered research. Lifting some of the legal restrictions on cannabis, allows to build stronger scientific knowledge of the genomic, molecular and biochemical properties that define terpene and cannabinoid profiles in different cannabis ‘strains’, and supports the development of a well-defined cannabis profile classification. 

We are slowly beginning to fully understand the hidden benefits of terpenes so they can be utilized in a wide range of applications.